Archive for the ‘Research’ Category
August 20th, 2014
We know that students who miss too much school suffer academically at every age and every grade. Equally important, we know absenteeism is a problem we can solve if districts and schools identify the students most at risk and then work with parents and community partners to turn around attendance and achievement.
Our new toolkit, The Power of Positive Connections, calls for using absenteeism records from past years and from the first month of school to connect the most at-risk students to personal relationships and positive supports that motivate them to show up to class every day.
The toolkit provides a step-by-step guide and resources to a data-driven strategy known as PEOPLE—Priority Early Outreach through Positive Linkages and Engagement:
- Priority: Focuses on at-risk students in grades, schools and neighborhoods with high levels of chronic absence
- Early: Begins with the start of school.
- Outreach: Connects to students and families
- Positive: Promotes preventive, supportive approaches rather than punitive responses
- Linkages Taps the full community for support
- Engagement: Motivates students to show up to class and offers students & families a role in improving attendance.
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August 15th, 2014
America’s Promise Alliance, one of our leading partners on Attendance Awareness Month, published an interviewwith Attendance Works Director Hedy Chang today. Chang spent much of her career focused on advancing student success, and improving attendance and engagement in early grades. In honor of Attendance Awareness Month in September, Esther Berg asked her about importance of curbing chronic absence and plans for September. Here’s the Q&A.
You are formerly the co-director of California Tomorrow, a nonprofit committed to drawing strength from cultural, linguistic and racial diversity. How did you come to focus on attendance? How has your background influenced your direction of Attendance Works?
Regardless of the specific job I have held, my life’s mission has always been about creating a fair and just society where we value the strengths of our diversity and afford all members an equal opportunity to succeed. I believe chronic absence is a sign that we, as a society, are failing to provide pathways out of poverty and are instead creating an entrenched underclass that if it continues to grow will undermine the economic and social health for our entire country. Because of my prior background, I find solving the problem of poor attendance requires taking into account barriers related to racial, linguistic and cultural differences while also identifying common concerns like lack of access to health care, poor transportation and community violence that help build a broader coalition for change.
The Attendance Awareness Campaign promotes using the tag #SchoolEveryDay. You are a mother, what are the challenges to getting your kids to school everyday?
When my children were younger, the toughest part was learning the art of getting two children, each with a mind of their own, out of bed, dressed and then out the door at the same time with everything they would need at school! But, I’m lucky. I have a car that works. I live in a safe neighborhood. And, I have a husband who takes on his fair share. My challenges are minor compared to single parents struggling to make ends meet and still getting their kids to school every day.
Attendance Awareness month launched last year. What did you learn and what do you hope for this year’s campaign?
I learned about the power and influence we can have when all of us work together to help everyone realize the importance of making sure absences don’t add up to so much time lost in the classroom that students fall behind. We were thrilled that 250 communities joined us in using September to make sure students are in school every day so they can learn. We hope even more communities will join us this year and they will begin using their data to identify and positively engage students at risk because of a past history of chronic absence. The experience of the Success Mentors in New York City tells us that we can make a difference if we connect struggling students to a caring adult or even an older peer who greets them every day they attend school, calls home as soon as there is an absence and connects them to resources to help them overcome attendance barriers.
What has surprised you the most in working in this field?
Two things have surprised me. First, I am constantly amazed by how many people – from policymakers to practitioners – don’t realize that schools, by and large, have not been monitoring how many and which student miss too much school for any reason that they are academically at risk. They mistakenly assume it is sufficient to just track truancy (unexcused absences) and average daily attendance (how many kids show up to school each day), when both measures can mask high levels of chronic absence. I’ve also been deeply troubled by the immediate tendency to blame parents for poor attendance. We need instead to engage as parents as partners in identifying what keeps children from going to schools and developing lasting solutions.
If you had a policy wish for your work, what would it be?
I wish every district in the United States would be required to analyze and publish rates of chronic absence by school, grade and sub-population and then schools would be required to describe how they will partner with families and community agencies to reduce chronic absence as part of their school improvement plan.
In February 2013, you were named a Champion of Change by the White House. How has this recognition influenced your work? Did you get to go the White House? What’s your favorite thing to do when you visit Washington, D.C.?
This recognition has made me even more deeply committed to partnering with African American leaders, educators, communities and families to identify effective solutions to preventing and reducing chronic absence among black students who often have the highest rates of chronic absence in the early grades. And, yes, I got to go to the White House for the Black History Month celebration. What a thrill!
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July 28th, 2014
Looking for an easy way to identify students who might fall behind because they miss too much school? Try looking at attendance in the first month of school.
A new study from the Baltimore Education Research Consortium shows that absenteeism in the first month of school can predict poor attendance patterns throughout the year, providing an early warning sign for parents and educators to intervene and put students back on track.
Why September Matters: Improving Student Attendance, by Linda S. Olson, examines attendance in the Baltimore City Public Schools for pre-kindergarten through 12th grade students in September and throughout the rest of the 2012-13 school year. The study found:
- Students who missed fewer than 2 days in September typically had good attendance rates for the entire year.
- Half the students who missed 2-4 days in September went on to miss a month or more of school, which is known as chronic absence.
- Nearly 9 out of 10 students who missed more than 4 days in September were chronically absent that year.
This early-in-the-year warning indicator gives teachers and principals a chance to intervene early before students miss so many days that they are falling behind academically. It also makes an effective message for parents about the importance of developing good attendance habits starting on the first day. Our Attendance Awareness Month partnership is motivated by a desire to engage parents, schools and community organizations early on to the pernicious effects of chronic absence.
Past studies from BERC and other researchers demonstrate that missing that much school—in excused or unexcused absences, in elementary school and in high school—has negative consequences for academic achievement. Chronic absence as early as pre-K is associated with poor reading skills and retention in third grade. By the 6th grade, it is considered an early warning indicator that a student will drop out of high school. For schools, high absenteeism rates can slow down classroom instruction and diminish school climate.
Missing more than 20 days in a school year, essentially a month of school, is an indicator of disengagement, especially in the middle and high school years. In the early grades, absenteeism often reflects family and community conditions, such as a lack of access to good health care, unreliable transportation, unstable housing or a dangerous walk to school.